Kusama (KSM)

Imagine stepping into a world where imagination knows no bounds and innovation thrives. Enter Kusama (KSM), a captivating blockchain platform that has emerged as a force to be reckoned with. With its unique features and unrivaled potential, Kusama has been turning heads in the cryptocurrency realm, enticing individuals and businesses alike to explore all that it has to offer. Take a closer look and prepare to be captivated by the wonders of Kusama, where endless possibilities are just a click away.

What is Kusama (KSM)

Kusama is a unique blockchain network designed to facilitate innovation and experimentation in the decentralized finance (DeFi) space. It functions as a sister network to Polkadot, providing developers and builders with a platform to test and deploy their applications before launching them on the more secure and stable Polkadot network. Kusama is often referred to as a “canary network,” serving as an early warning system for potential issues or vulnerabilities in the Polkadot network.


Kusama was created by Gavin Wood, co-founder of both Ethereum and Polkadot, with the goal of fostering a dynamic and fast-paced environment for blockchain experimentation. It aims to provide developers with a high degree of flexibility and freedom, allowing them to rapidly iterate and refine their projects without the constraints typically associated with more mature networks.


Kusama was launched in 2019 as a experimental network for developers to test their applications and ideas before deploying them on Polkadot. It quickly gained traction within the blockchain community due to its unique value proposition and the opportunities it presented for innovation. Over time, Kusama has grown into its own thriving ecosystem, attracting developers, builders, and enthusiasts from around the world.

Features of Kusama


One of the key features of Kusama is its robust governance framework. Kusama employs a decentralized governance model where token holders have the power to propose and vote on network upgrades and changes. This democratic approach ensures that the network evolves in a way that aligns with the interests and values of its community members. The governance process on Kusama is highly accessible, allowing anyone with KSM tokens to participate and contribute to the decision-making process.


Kusama is built using the same technology as Polkadot, allowing it to seamlessly connect with other networks within the Polkadot ecosystem. This interoperability enables cross-chain communication, facilitating the transfer of assets and data between different blockchains. By leveraging the power of interoperability, Kusama opens up new possibilities for building decentralized applications that can leverage the strengths of multiple networks.


Kusama’s upgrade process is designed to be highly efficient and adaptable. The network allows for rapid upgrades and changes, enabling developers to quickly iterate and improve their applications. This flexibility is particularly useful during the testing phase, as developers can easily deploy and test new features without disrupting the overall network stability. Kusama’s upgrade mechanism is designed to be inclusive, ensuring that all participants have a voice in the evolution of the network.

Kusama (KSM)

Kusama vs Polkadot


While Kusama and Polkadot share many similarities, there are key differences that set them apart. Kusama is often seen as a more experimental and risky network, with a higher tolerance for failure. It allows developers to test and deploy their projects more quickly, but also comes with higher risks due to its less mature and more dynamic nature. On the other hand, Polkadot is a more stable and secure network, ideal for mission-critical applications that require a higher level of security.


Despite their differences, Kusama and Polkadot share a close relationship. Kusama can be seen as a sister network to Polkadot, serving as a testing ground for applications and upgrades before they are deployed on Polkadot. The shared technology and interoperability between the two networks allow for seamless communication and collaboration, enabling developers and builders to leverage the strengths of both networks.

How Does Kusama Work?


Validators play a crucial role in the Kusama network by participating in the block production process and ensuring the security and integrity of the network. Validators are responsible for verifying and validating transactions, proposing and finalizing blocks, and ensuring consensus among network participants. They are selected based on their stake in the network and their performance in maintaining the network’s security and functionality.


Nominators are individuals or entities that delegate their stake to validators and contribute to the network’s security. By nominating validators, nominators can help secure the network and earn staking rewards based on the performance of the validators they nominate. Nominators play a vital role in maintaining the decentralization and security of the Kusama network.


Collators are responsible for collecting and validating transactions before they are included in a block. They bundle transactions into blocks, validate their correctness, and submit the blocks to validators for finalization. Collators play a critical role in the overall efficiency and scalability of the Kusama network, ensuring that transactions are processed in a timely and reliable manner.

Kusama (KSM)

Parachains on Kusama

What are Parachains

Parachains are independent blockchains that run in parallel to the main Kusama network. They enable developers to build and deploy their own customized blockchains with specific features and functionalities. Parachains utilize the shared security and interoperability of the Kusama network, allowing them to communicate and interact with other parachains and external networks within the Polkadot ecosystem.

Parachain Auctions

To secure a slot on the Kusama network for their parachain, projects must participate in a parachain auction. During the auction, projects bid for parachain slots by locking up KSM tokens for a certain period. The projects with the highest bids are selected to become parachains on the network. Parachain auctions ensure fair and efficient allocation of network resources and encourage healthy competition among projects.

The Kusama Token (KSM)

Token Utility

KSM is the native token of the Kusama network and serves multiple purposes within the ecosystem. Firstly, KSM is used for staking, allowing token holders to participate in the network’s consensus and governance processes. Secondly, KSM is used for governance participation, enabling token holders to propose and vote on network upgrades and changes. Additionally, KSM is used as a means of exchange within the Kusama ecosystem, facilitating transactions and interactions between participants.


The initial distribution of KSM tokens occurred through a public sale and subsequent crowdloans. The tokens were made available to a broad audience, allowing for wide participation and distribution among community members. The distribution of KSM tokens ensures decentralization and broadens the ownership and participation in the Kusama network.

Kusama (KSM)

Kusama Ecosystem

Kusama Council

The Kusama Council is a group of elected individuals responsible for overseeing the network’s governance and decision-making processes. The council members are elected by KSM token holders and act as stewards of the network, representing the interests and values of the community. The council plays a vital role in shaping the direction and evolution of the Kusama network.

Developers and Builders

Kusama provides a rich ecosystem for developers and builders to experiment, create, and deploy their decentralized applications and projects. The network’s flexibility and support for rapid iteration allow developers to quickly bring their innovative ideas to life. Kusama’s thriving developer community fosters collaboration, knowledge-sharing, and continuous improvement within the ecosystem.

Projects and Applications

Kusama has become a hub for groundbreaking projects and applications within the blockchain space. Various projects, ranging from decentralized finance platforms to gaming applications, have chosen Kusama as their development and deployment platform. The vibrant ecosystem of projects and applications on Kusama enables participants to explore new frontiers of decentralized technology and unlock the full potential of blockchain innovation.

Kusama Community

Community Engagement

The Kusama community is known for its active and engaged members who contribute to the growth and development of the network. Community engagement plays a vital role in the governance and decision-making processes of Kusama. Through open forums, discussion groups, and community events, participants have the opportunity to voice their opinions, propose ideas, and shape the future of the network.

Governance Participation

Governance participation is strongly encouraged within the Kusama community. Token holders have the power to propose referenda, vote on network upgrades and changes, and participate in the overall governance process. This inclusive approach ensures that the network’s governance reflects the interests and values of its community members. Active governance participation enhances the decentralization and democratic nature of the Kusama network.

Upgrades and Governance

Referendum Process

The referendum process on Kusama allows token holders to propose, discuss, and vote on important network upgrades and changes. Proposals are submitted by community members and require a minimum level of support to proceed to the voting stage. Token holders can then cast their votes, either supporting or rejecting the proposal. The referendum process ensures that the decision-making power is distributed among the network’s participants.


Amendments are changes to the Kusama network’s constitution and rules. They are proposed through the referendum process and require a supermajority of votes to be approved. Amendments are a crucial mechanism for improving and adapting the governance framework of the network. Through amendments, the Kusama community can collectively shape the rules and processes that govern the network.

Council Approval

Certain network upgrades and changes require council approval before they can be implemented. The Kusama Council plays a crucial role in reviewing and approving proposals that impact the network’s functionality and security. Council approval ensures that the network’s stability and integrity are maintained while facilitating innovation and progress within the ecosystem.

Notable Kusama Projects


Polkadot, as the sibling network of Kusama, is a notable project that plays a significant role within the Polkadot ecosystem. Polkadot aims to enable seamless cross-chain communication and interoperability between different blockchains, enhancing scalability and efficiency in the decentralized finance space. Kusama serves as a valuable testing ground for projects and upgrades before they are deployed on Polkadot.


Acala is a decentralized finance (DeFi) platform built on the Kusama network. It provides a range of financial services, including stablecoin issuance, decentralized lending, and decentralized exchange capabilities. Acala leverages the security, scalability, and interoperability of Kusama to offer a user-friendly and innovative DeFi experience.


Moonbeam is a blockchain platform that aims to bring Ethereum-compatible smart contracts and decentralized applications to the Kusama network. By providing a friendly environment for Ethereum projects to migrate to Kusama, Moonbeam enables seamless integration and collaboration between the two platforms. Moonbeam’s compatibility with Ethereum makes it a valuable bridge for developers and builders looking to leverage the benefits of both networks.

In conclusion, Kusama provides a unique environment for blockchain innovation and experimentation. Its robust governance framework, interoperability, and support for rapid upgrades make it an ideal platform for developers and builders. With its vibrant ecosystem and engaged community, Kusama is poised to continue driving forward the frontiers of decentralized technology. Whether through its pioneering projects or its active governance participation, Kusama offers a playground for creativity and discovery in the world of blockchain.